What is the goal of the investment?
The goal is to electrify the platforms to minimise the dependence on fossil fuels and the environmental impact in the sector of maritime transport, mainly intervening in the ports belonging to the central network of the Trans European Network Transport (TEN-T).
- Reduce the gaps in standards of living
Maritime transport presents certain environmental problems due to the use of low-quality fuels that cause negative externalities both during navigation and, above all, while stationed at ports. The engines not only create a high level of pollution and noise within the port area (with emissions of CO2, NOx, PM 10, PM 2.5), but also in the wider surrounding area. Currently in Italy, unlike other European countries, the presence of electrified docks is very limited, and those present do not power cruise ships, ferries or container carriers, but provide electricity for ship repair terminals or for cranes handling goods. In line with the national decarbonisation objectives established in the PNIEC in terms of energy efficiency in transport, the proposed investment would be concentrated on 34 ports, of which 32 belonging to the TEN-T network. It consists in the creation of a network of systems for the supply of electricity from the shore to the ships during the mooring phase, so as to minimise the use of the auxiliary on-board engines for the self-production of the necessary electricity, significantly reducing emissions of CO2, nitrogen oxides and fine dust, as well as the acoustic impact.
Reducing marine pollution, especially during manoeuvres in ports
Reducing air pollution
Reducing noise pollution
Respecting the European sustainability objectives in the transport sector