What is the goal of the investment?
Reactivate natural processes and encourage the recovery of diversity in the basin of the most important Italian river, a nerve centre for the economy but compromised by excavations, pollution, land use and excessive canalisation, which have increased the hydrogeological risk and devastated natural habitats. A wide-ranging action of environmental restoration is urgently needed and is the first step for a broader and more important restoration ecology for Italy.
It is the longest river in Italy, 652 km, and the one with the largest drainage basin, over 70,000 km2. It is a nerve centre for the entire Italian economy (half of the livestock farms are concentrated here, as well as a third of the industries and national agricultural production) and one of the most inhabited areas of Europe, 16 million people. However, excessive channelling of the riverbed, water pollution, land use and excavations in the river bed until the 1970s have compromised part of its characteristics and increased the hydrogeological risk and breakup of its natural habitats. It is thus essential to start a widespread rewilding action along the whole area to reactivate natural processes and promote the recovery of biodiversity. The measure is intended to contribute to the restoration of the ecological corridor represented by the riverbed and its riparian strips, characterised by a considerable diversity of environments (banks, islands, sandbanks, ...), which need to be protected and restored, rehabilitating more than 1,500 hectares and reactivating 51 million cubic metres of abandoned oxbows and branches.
Recovery of the riverbed and its banks, natural habitats and biodiversity
Reduction of the risk of hydrogeological instability
Rehabilitation of 1,500 hectares of the basin and reactivation of 51 million cubic metres of oxbow lakes and abandoned branches